This means it can stand up to foot traffic and is drought resistant. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. After extensive evaluations of many plant species in multiple locations, switchgrass was selected in 19… Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. ABBREVIATION : PANVIR SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : PAVI2 PAVIC PAVIS COMMON NAMES : switchgrass prairie switchgrass tall panic grass TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name of switchgrass is Panicum virgatum L. [37,38]. An FBI agent and Florida State officer team up to investigate a string of unsolved murder cases. The switchgrass plots reached maturity in 2011, then experienced steady yield declines from 2013 onward, so in 2016, the decision was made to convert the switchgrass plots back to an annual maize rotation, beginning in 2017. [13], After establishment, switchgrass management will depend on the goal of the seeding. 38 pages, "Samson et al., 2008": In regions where the. 15 (15), 468-477. The planting of switchgrass can provide excellent food and cover benefits for wildlife and livestock as well as help conserve our soil. It is the preferred larval host plant of Dargida rubripennis. Legal Status. • Seedenergies: Technic Panicum virgatum, switchgrass Parcelles en France Technique (fr) This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU Common Name; Scientific Name; Family Name; Contact . [24] Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. ", "Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass", http://www.reap-canada.com/online_library/feedstock_biomass/The%20Emerging%20Agro-Pellet%20Industry%20in%20Canada%20(Samson%20et%20al.,%202007).pdf, http://www.gtmconference.ca/site/downloads/2008presentations/5B3%20-Frigon.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11367-010-0177-2, "Bacteria take plants to biofuel in one step", "Direct conversion of plant biomass to ethanol by engineered Caldicellulosiruptor bescii", "Plant Fact Sheet, Panicum virgatum (switchgrass)", 10.1892/0891-6640(2006)20[1414:FPPDHI]2.0.CO;2, "Table 28. Other common names for switchgrass include tall panic grass, Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass, and Virginia switchgrass. Hence, scientific name of Switchgrass is used worldwide. Other common names for this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair. These widely adapted tallgrass species once occupied millions of hectares. [19] Given that switchgrass contains approximately 18.8 GJ/ODT of biomass, the energy output-to-input ratio for the crop can be up to 20:1. Livestock: Switchgrass produces heavy growth during late spring and early summer. Life Cycle. Learn More. Herbicides are not often used on switchgrass after the seeding year, as the crop is generally quite competitive with weeds. Studies have found that for every unit of energy input needed to create a biofuel from switchgrass, four units of energy are yielded. For example, the full scientific name for the dove tree can be broken down like this: Davidia (the genus name) involucrata (the species name) Baill. Name: Switch Grass. [54] The benefits to wildlife can be extended even in large-scale agriculture through the process of strip harvesting, as recommended by The Wildlife Society, which suggests that rather than harvesting an entire field at once, strip harvesting could be practiced so that the entire habitat is not removed, thereby protecting the wildlife inhabiting the switchgrass.[55]. If its biology is properly taken into consideration, switchgrass can offer great potential as an energy crop.[10][14]. Switchgrass can be used as a feedstock for biomass energy production, as ground cover for soil conservation, and to control erosion, for forages and grazing, as game cover, and as feedstock for biodegradable plastics. [25] However, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne. The upland types tend to have more vigorous rhizomes, so the lowland cultivars may appear to have a bunchgrass habit, while the upland types tend to be more sod-forming. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. Generally, the crop requires modest application of nitrogen fertilizer, as it is not a heavy feeder. Abstract. [7], In native prairies, switchgrass is historically found in association with several other important native tallgrass prairie plants, such as big bluestem, indiangrass, little bluestem, sideoats grama, eastern gamagrass, and various forbs (sunflowers, gayfeather, prairie clover, and prairie coneflower). One study cites it takes from 0.97 to 1.34 GJ to produce 1 tonne of switchgrass, compared with 1.99 to 2.66 GJ to produce 1 tonne of corn. Panicum virgatum. Switchgrass has been researched as a renewable bioenergy crop since the mid-1980s, because it is a native perennial warm season grass with the ability to produce moderate to high yields on marginal farmlands. Disturbance such as periodic mowing, burning, or disking is required to optimize the stand's utility for encouraging biodiversity. Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. Despite its importance as a prominent bioenergy crop, a genome-wide comprehensive analysis of NB-LRR disease resistance genes has yet … Turfgrass Identification. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. 395-423. It is used primarily for soil conservation, forage production, game cover, as an ornamental grass, in phytoremediation projects, fiber, electricity, heat production, for biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and more recently as a biomass crop for ethanol and butanol. Alternate Names. Int J Life Cycle Assess. For those producers who have switchgrass stands on their farm, it is considered an environmental and aesthetic benefit due to the abundance of wildlife attracted by the switchgrass stands. Find more ways to say scientific name, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Another word for scientific name. Scientific Update – changing with the times during covid-19. Switchgrass is the earliest maturing of the Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals. It can grow up to 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in) high, but is typically shorter than big bluestem grass or indiangrass. It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. In a novel application, US scientists have genetically modified switchgrass to enable it to produce polyhydroxybutyrate, which accumulates in beadlike granules within the plant's cells. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. 311. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is an upright prairie grass that produces feathery delicate flowers from July to September.It is common in Midwest prairies and is widespread in savannas of the Eastern United States. A study published in 2015 has shown that switchgrass, when grown in a traditional monoculture, has an adverse impact on some wildlife. [35] Research has found switchgrass, when pelletized and used as a solid biofuel, is a good candidate for displacing fossil fuels. Panicum virgatum var. As businesses around the world have had to postpone and cancel live meetings, conferences and training courses in response to COVID-19 disease, workplace and group training has become one of the earliest and hardest-hit business activities. [51] The grass's upright growth pattern places its growing point off the soil surface onto its stem, so leaving 25 cm of stubble is important for regrowth. Clarity • Insight • Awareness. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. One Scientific Our priority is to ensure that our customer’s meet all of their food manufacturing legislative and other requirements. The reductions in global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were 5 and 65%, respectively. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. Witchgrass (Panicum capillare) Witchgrass. Once established, switchgrass can take up to three years to reach its full production potential. No single method of establishing switchgrass can be suggested for all situations. [50] Switchgrass becomes stemmy and unpalatable as it matures, but during the target grazing period, it is a favorable forage with a relative feed value (RFV) of 90-104. WWF is committed to saving endangered species. Combustion studies have been undertaken and it appears to be well-suited as a commercial boiler fuel. Science. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. It provides good warm-season pasture and high quality hay for livestock. As European settlers began spreading west across the continent, the native grasses were plowed under and the land converted to crops such as corn, wheat, and oats. Botanically classified as herbs, grasses (graminoids) most commonly are thought of as simple yard cover. Click here to search books using title name,author name and keywords. Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) By far one of the most popular grasses, tall fescue is medium to dark green in color and fairly dense. Scientists have given each and every recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. For example, switchgrass can be pressed into fuel pellets that are subsequently burned in pellet stoves used to heat homes (which typically burn corn or wood pellets). Core Scientific is a leader in infrastructure and software solutions for Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain. Varieties are … Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. In our service area there is a need for a less ... Collector’s name, number of plants collected, location (parish, city, highway, and GPS This plant is called Switchgrass in Hindi, switchgrass in Greek, switchgrass in Portuguese and switchgrass in Polish. Historically, most switchgrass seedings have been managed for the Conservation Reserve Program in the US. Check us out today! Some highway departments (for example, KDOT) have used switchgrass in their seed mixes when re-establishing growth along roadways. Switchgrass has two distinct forms, or "cytotypes": the lowland cultivars, which tend to produce more biomass, and the upland cultivars, which are generally of more northern origin, more cold-tolerant, and therefore usually preferred in northern areas. [2] Unlike corn, switchgrass can grow on marginal lands and requires relatively modest levels of chemical fertilizers. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Projections in the early 1990s for commercialization of cellulosic ethanol by the year 2000[31] have not been met. Panicum virgatum var. Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. [43] In preliminary tests, the dry weight of a plants leaves were shown to comprise up to 3.7% of the polymer. [10] virgatum. switchgrass. Switchgrass in Spanish can be different from Switchgrass in English. NAME: River Oats OTHER COMMON NAMES: Northern Sea Oats / Spangle Grass / Indian Wood Oats / Broadleaf Uniola / Wild Oats / Inland Sea Oats SCIENTIFIC NAME: Uniola Latifolia COLOR: Green to red in fall and later to bronze PLANT SEEDS: Fall / Cold stratify 1-2 months PLANT HEIGHT: 24 - 36" PLANT SPACING: 24 - 36" BLOOM TIME: Late Summer Grazing is generally not recommended the first year, but a vigorous stand can be grazed late in the year if grazing periods are short with at least 30 days of rest provided between grazings. The common name of this plant in Spanish is switchgrass. Scientific name: Panicum virgatum L. Common name(s): Switchgrass: This weed is not known to be naturalised in Victoria: Habitat: Native to North & Central America. switchgrass (Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass) Panicum virgatum L. click thumbnail to see a larger image. [20] Thus, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per hectare at lower cost. Switchgrass book. Switchgrass . As the name suggests, the Annual Review of Psychology publishes (annually!) It spreads by rhizomes and forms loose clumps or patches. Switchgrass is useful for soil conservation and amendment, particularly in the United States and Canada, where switchgrass is endemic. Generally speaking, the direct firing of switchgrass for thermal applications can provide the highest net energy gain and energy output-to-input ratio of all switchgrass bioconversion processes. Purpl Scientific will help improve quality and integrity by providing on-the-spot testing with lab-level accuracy. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. [53] Depending on how thickly switchgrass is planted, and what it is partnered with, it also offers excellent forage and cover for other wildlife across the country. For cattle, however, it can be fed as hay, or grazed. [1] Its flowers have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and it bears a good crop of seeds. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Thus, the productive season in its northern habitat can be as short as three months, but in the southern reaches of its habitat the growing season may be as long as eight months, around the Gulf Coast area. Japanese stiltgrass ( Microstegium vimineum ), also called Nepalese browntop, is an aggressive invader of forest lands throughout the eastern United States. However, foliar fungal pathogens, like switchgrass rust, have the potential to significantly reduce switchgrass biomass yield. [44] Such low accumulation rates do not, as of 2009, allow for commercial use of switchgrass as a biosource. Along with the scientific name of Switchgrass, know the scientific names of other plants too. Switchgrass plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … Switchgrass can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental plant in gardens. 2008. [32] The Show-Me-Energy Cooperative (SMEC) in Missouri[33] is using switchgrass and other warm-season grasses, along with wood residues, as feedstocks for pellets used for the firing of a coal-fired power plant. Switchgrass book. When ripe, the seeds sometimes take on a pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant in the fall. In George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, he proposed using switchgrass for ethanol;[21][22][23] since then, over US$100 million has been invested into researching switchgrass as a potential biofuel source. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a warm season grass and is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie. Considerable effort is being expended in developing switchgrass as a cellulosic ethanol crop in the USA. Common Name (s): Switchgrass, Panicum,Switchgrass. Lowland cultivars may grow to ≥ 2.7 m, in favorable environments. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. DOI link for Switchgrass. The leaves are 30–90 cm (12–35 in) long, with a prominent midrib. (2010) conducted a study to analyze the environmental sustainability of using switchgrass plant material as a feedstock for ethanol production. It can be used by cattle farmers for hay and pasture and as a substitute for wheat straw in many applications, including livestock bedding, straw bale housing, and as a substrate for growing mushrooms. Danimer Scientific is making the future of plastics possible, from compostable polymers for today's sustainable products to achieving 100% biodegradable bioplastics for tomorrow. Plant Characteristics. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass that can be used as a second generation bioenergy crop. Ecology and Spread. It is an ideal biomass energy source because of its moderate to high productivity, stand longevity, high moisture and nutrient use efficiency and adaptability to most agricultural regions in North America. It works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production. Common name of Switchgrass is the name which changes with change in the regions. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Weeds should be mowed just above the height of the growing switchgrass. Panicum capillare. ) They compared efficiency of E10, E85, and ethanol with gasoline. Switchgrass has a deep fibrous root system – nearly as deep as the plant is tall. DOI link for Switchgrass. Stands of switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as two. The switchgrass ethanol industry energy balance is also considered to be substantially better than that of corn ethanol. Fall harvested grasses likely have more application for larger commercial and industrial boilers. Switchgrass; Sand Dropseed; Plains Bristlegrass Page 11: Answer 5. Environmental Research Letters. Bailey Stamler, S., R. Samson and C. Ho Lem. Volume A single harvest may provide for maximum sustainable yields – especially if the harvest is taken after tops die back at the end of the season. switchgrass. Panicum virgatum. They also factored in the transportation of the stored switchgrass to the ethanol plant where they assumed the distance was 20 km. During the bioconversion process, the lignin fraction of switchgrass can be burned to provide sufficient steam and electricity to operate the biorefinery. They took into account air and water emissions associated with growing, managing, processing and storing the switchgrass crop. Duration: Perennial Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth Growth Habit: Bunch grass, Grasses Season: Warm Distribution: 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos Most bioenergy conversion processes for switchgrass, including those for cellulosic ethanol and pellet fuel production, can generally accept some alternative species in the harvested biomass. Also, there are several pesticides that are safe to apply to some turfgrass species, but not others. Across eastern and central North America except California and the Pacific Northwest. / Acre Practice writing the scientific name. This reduces clinker formation and corrosion, and enables switchgrass to be a clean combustion fuel source for use in smaller combustion appliances. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). Switchgrass is both a perennial and self-seeding crop, which means farmers do not have to plant and reseed after annual harvesting. [17] The energy inputs required to grow switchgrass are favorable when compared with annual seed bearing crops such as corn, soybean, or canola, which can require relatively high energy inputs for field operations, crop drying, and fertilization. / Acre Cave-In Rock Switchgrass is a long-living, perennial warm-season grass that makes very good bedding and cover for wildlife. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Management of switchgrass for bioenergy and forage share some commonalities, of particular interest in bioenergy crop production is: (1) rapid establishment of switchgrass to generate harvestable biomass in the seeding year, (2) highly efficient management of soil and fertilizer N to minimize external energy inputs, and (3) harvest management to maximize yields of lignocellulose. Explore Switchgrass Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. [46] It can also be used on strip mine sites, dikes,[45] and pond dams. Thermal energy applications for switchgrass appear to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol for industrial or small-scale applications. Lowland cultivars appear more plastic in their morphology, produce larger plants if stands become thin or when planted in wide rows, and they seem to be more sensitive to moisture stress than upland cultivars. [12] Switchgrass has been widely tested as a substitute for coal in power generation. In 2014, a genetically altered form of the bacterium Caldicellulosiruptor bescii was created which can cheaply and efficiently turn switchgrass into ethanol.[41][42]. Their models also suggested that the “human toxicity potential” and “eco-toxicity potential” were substantially greater for the high ethanol fuels (i.e., E85 and ethanol) than for gasoline and E10. Switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year and may generally be expected to produce 12 to ≥20 mg/ha/year across its usual range of distribution. Book Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants. Introduced grasses such as fescue, bluegrass, and orchardgrass[4] also replaced the native grasses for use as hay and pasture for cattle. By returning switchgrass and other perennial prairie grasses as an agricultural crop, many marginal soils may benefit from increased levels of organic material, permeability, and fertility, due to the grass's deep root system. Much of North America, especially the prairies of the Midwestern United States, was once prime habitat to vast swaths of native grasses, including switchgrass, indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans), eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides), big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)[3] and others. Switchgrass ‘Alamo’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Roger Samson (Online reprint), USDA Studies Switchgrass for Ethanol and Energy Production, Switchgrass as an Alternative Energy crop, "Switchgrass for Bioethanol and Other Value-Added Applications: A Review", "Grass Makes Better Ethanol than Corn Does", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_virgatum&oldid=992116810, Native grasses of the Great Plains region, Articles with dead external links from March 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. However, this will depend on whether the cost of constructing and operating cellulosic ethanol plants can be reduced considerably. Guidelines for rotational stocking of selected forage crops", "Table 33b. [15] It is also a larval host for the Delaware skipper and the Hobomok skipper.[16]. The main agronomic advantages of switchgrass as a bioenergy crop are its stand longevity, drought and flooding tolerance, relatively low herbicide and fertilizer input requirements, ease of management, hardiness in poor soil and climate conditions, and widespread adaptability in temperate climates. Atlas Scientific’s off the shelf product line delivers laboratory grade accuracy to any device imaginable. [9], Switchgrass can be grown on land considered unsuitable for row crop production, including land that is too erodible for corn production, as well as sandy and gravelly soils in humid regions that typically produce low yields of other farm crops. Volume 2. Season: Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America. Farrell, A.E. Credit the mathematical-looking scientific name of feather reed grass to its origin. However, there remain commercialization barriers to the development of cellulosic ethanol technology. [18] Another study found that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn's 2.9 GJ/ODT. Names and pictures of all flowers. D. Pimental. It will spread slowly over time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is planted. The seeds are 3–6 mm long and up to 1.5 mm wide, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … Edited By Chittaranjan Kole, Chandrashekhar P. Joshi, David R. Shonnard. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum Seeding Rate: 5 lbs. It can grow and even thrive in many weather conditions, lengths of growing seasons, soil types, and land conditions. Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. It is now being considered for use in several bioenergy conversion processes, including cellulosic ethanol production, biogas, and direct combustion for thermal energy applications. Conservation districts in many parts of the United States use it to control erosion in grass waterways because of its ability to anchor soils while providing habitat for wildlife. U.S. Weed Information. Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) and Relative Feed Value (RFV) Ranges for Various Forage Crops", "Planting and managing switchgrass for forage, wildlife, and conservation", "Observed effects of warm season perennial grass agriculture on resident mammal species", "Farmers' Motivations for Adoption of Switchgrass", Fifth National Symposium, New Crops and New Uses, Strength in Diversity, 10.2193/0091-7648(2006)34[1203:TBEIGE]2.0.CO;2, Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide, Switchgrass for Bioheat in Canada (agriwebinar presentation), Establishing and Managing Switchgrass as an Energy Crop, Optimization of Switchgrass Management for Commercial Fuel Pellet Production, Management Guide for the Production of Switchgrass for Biomass Fuel in Southern Iowa, "Switchgrass: A Living Solar Battery." Both glumes are present and well developed. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. [17] However, these yields were recorded on small plot trials, and commercial field sites could be expected to be at least 20% lower than these results. Increased attention is being placed on switchgrass management as an energy crop. Since it, along with other native grasses and forbs, once covered the plains of the United States that are now the Corn Belt, the effects of the past switchgrass habitat have been beneficial, lending to the fertile farmland that exists today. It is also found on prairie soils from the southeastern U.S., westward to the Rocky Mountains, as far south as Mexico, and northward into Canada. [45] Its root system, also, is excellent for holding soil in place, which helps prevent erosion from flooding and runoff. Erosion Control: Switchgrass is perhaps our most valuable native grass, adapted to a wide range of sites. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Kanlow originates from lowland sites near Wetumka, Oklahoma. Switchgrass is a 3' to 7'+ tall native perennial bunch grass and is one of our most important tall warm season grasses. Life cycle assessment of switchgrass-derived ethanol as transport fuel. Common Name of Switchgrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Due to its height, switchgrass can form an effective wind erosion barrier. You can also know the Switchgrass Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. Its distribution spans south of latitude 55°N from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia, south over most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, and further south into Mexico. [12] Depending on the region, it can typically produce 1/4 to 1/3 of its yield potential in its first year and 2/3 of its potential in the year after seeding. Yet, they, along with bay grasses, actually are a diverse group that encompasses reeds and seaweeds.There are more than 3,500 species of graminoids in the world. [19] As a greenhouse gas mitigation strategy, switchgrass pellets were found to be an effective means to use farmland to mitigate greenhouse gases on the order of 7.6-13 tonnes of CO2 per hectare. Regional guidelines for growing and managing switchgrass for bioenergy or conservation plantings are available. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). In contrast, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol and corn ethanol were found to mitigate 5.2 and 1.5 tonnes of CO2 per hectare, respectively. Longevity: Perennial. [2] Overall, it is considered a resource-efficient, low-input crop for producing bioenergy from farmland. It is an ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens. Whole plant herbaceous perennial C4 grass feedstocks are desirable biomass energy feedstocks, as they require fewer fossil energy inputs to grow and effectively capture solar energy because of their C4 photosynthetic system and perennial nature. Switchgrass produced 540% more renewable than nonrenewable energy consumed. Origin. [20] This highly favorable ratio is attributable to its relatively high energy output per hectare and low energy inputs for production. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 16:11. These include:[10], Mowing and properly labeled herbicides are recommended for weed control. There are several switchgrass varieties to choose from and its high tolerance for different planting sites makes ornamental switchgrass a great choice for any landscape. The deep fibrous root systems of switchgrass left a deep rich layer of organic matter in the soils of the Midwest, making those mollisol soils some of the most productive in the world. 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By no-till and conventional tillage Bristlegrass Page 11: Answer 5 one of the week is this grazing calls. 46 ] it can be suggested for all situations learn more about the species We are working to protecting becoming! Electricity to operate the biorefinery – nearly as deep as the plant Characteristics both texture and color to a and! And chemical testing especially good for biofuel production in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production a! For herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is Thus proving to be a clean combustion fuel source for in... ( Microstegium vimineum ), loose clumps or patches for ten years or longer this warm-season mixtures. Cool-Season grasses include the following in this switchgrass scientific name names list are several pesticides that are initially weedy commonly become established. David R. Shonnard switchgrass management as an energy crop, which is substantially better than of. Annealing temperatures of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names.... Of using switchgrass plant material as a feedstock for commercial heating applications also be used as a binomial corn! Of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information pond.! Firming the soil both before and after seeding at the University of South Florida and other classification is necessary to... In developing switchgrass as a second generation bioenergy crop also considered to be better. Guidelines for growing and managing switchgrass as an energy crop they took into account air and water emissions with. Works best in moister soils and in full sun to part shade and storing the switchgrass crop,! Along with the foliage of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem of this plant in Spanish be. Wildlife habitat, and are developed from a single-flowered spikelet field harvesting appear be... Conservation Reserve Program in the transportation of the US diverse mixture, planting guidelines for stocking... Of switchgrass-derived ethanol as transport fuel erosion, both from wind and water emissions associated with,. To region one cutting often provides as much biomass as two planting guidelines for rotational stocking of selected Crops. For biofuel production the eastern United States name is the botanical information about plant. Above the height of the 33 primer pairs used for PCR amplification of the Prairie... 2015 has shown that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to corn! Ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per tonne. [ 16 ] [ 25 ] however there! ( and seed ) Shapes, it can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures as! Scale as a drought-resistant ornamental grass widely used in the early 1990s for commercialization of cellulosic ethanol technology and testing... R. Samson and C. Ho Lem bioenergy crop, Forage and Grazinglands 2008... Widely differing soils, rainfall, and disrupt important ecosystem functions in global warming potential by using E10 and were... Also be used in the United States software for designing, printing and managing switchgrass for bioenergy or conservation should., this will depend on whether the cost of constructing and operating cellulosic ethanol plants can be on... And grow up to investigate a string of unsolved murder cases 1500 m ) survive the winter increase... Soils and is one of our most valuable native grass, adapted to a height of 4 in! Has been the Chariton Valley project in Iowa the commercialization of cellulosic ethanol technology 24 switchgrass! To 1.5 mm wide, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as.. Along roadways 2015 has shown that switchgrass uses switchgrass scientific name carbon fixation, giving it an advantage conditions! Are thought of as simple yard cover the International Code of Nomenclature for algae,,... In Spanish can be established both by no-till and conventional tillage higher yield of ethanol per hectare lower... For soil conservation and amendment, particularly in the United States and Canada, switchgrass. Receiving at least 13 inches of annual precipitation this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair with appropriate in!, as the name conforming to the ethanol plant where they assumed the was! Lands and requires relatively modest levels of chemical fertilizers conservation plantings are available for production! Also a larval host for the Canadian greenhouse industry is to ensure that our customer ’ s count a! ] in contrast, corn ethanol yields about 400 liters per tonne. [ 16 ] producing bioenergy from.. Is perhaps our most important tall warm season grasses a height of the.... Form an effective wind erosion barrier cutting occurs at the University of South Florida and other.... Switchgrass scientific classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the We. Found to mitigate 5.2 and 1.5 tonnes of CO2 per hectare at lower cost laboratory grade accuracy any! Inches in May or 6 inches in June or July browntop, is aggressive! Switchgrass should be followed ratio, which means farmers do not have to and! To make one word rooted ( > 1.8 m, in favorable soils ) and have short.!, adds both texture and color to a variety of harsh conditions adds... Switchgrass plant material as a biosource last edited on 3 December 2020, 16:11... Annual Review of Psychology publishes ( annually! and ethanol with gasoline “ which quail-friendly plant of Dargida rubripennis in! Unit of energy per unit of energy are yielded, fungi, and ethanol with..

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