The most popular and plentiful fishing area was in the enormous inlet now known as Frobisher Bay, the peak of which was known to the local people as Iqaluit, meaning “place of many fish”. Baffin Island straddles the Arctic Circle in the far north of Canada, a wild and dramatic place of mountains, glaciers and tundra that shifts in shape and form with the seasons and welcomes intrepid travelers only during narrow and somewhat unpredictable windows of time. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. Thomas holds a bachelor’s degree in politics from the University of Bristol, U.K. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. World Atlas: The Largest Islands of Canada, National Geographic: Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, The Canadian Encyclopedia: Baffin Island Inuit, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Would love your thoughts, please comment. It is believed that the Norse reached Baffin Bay at some point between 900 and 1300. Greenland, which is the world's largest island, is a continental island because it is part of North America's continent. As the ice caps on Baffin Island shrink, the landscape beneath is seeing the light of day for the first time in perhaps 120,000 years. It is the fifth-largest island in the world, with largely mountainous terrain and an almost entirely Inuit population. Visitation is limited to an early season from March to May, when skiing, dog-sledding and snowmobiling adventures are possible, and a late season starting in June or July, when ice melt opens up the landscapes for boating and hiking. Steve Connor @SteveAConnor. During spring and summer, several festivals showcase Inuit artists, musicians and other performers from all over Nunavut. Basic Baffin Island Facts. With an area of 195,928 square miles (507,451 square km), it is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest in the world. Because the mask has Caucasian features, archeologists believe Europeans settled there in 1000 AD. During winter, the region also averages about four hours of daylight per day, and temperatures can range from -10 to -32°C (14 to -25.6°F). Named for William Baffin (1584?-1622), Baffin Island (now part of Nunavut and next to Baffin Bay) is the fifth-largest island in the world.. With an area of about 476,000 sq. Ellesmere Island is to the north. Its area is 507,451 km2 and its population was 13,148 as of the 2016 Canadian Census. Quick Facts: Arctic Bay. Named after English explorer William Baffin. Fall and spring weather is variable, with temperatures between 0°C and -30°C. Map of Baffin Island. Baffin Island. It is the fifth-largest island in the world, with largely mountainous terrain and an almost entirely Inuit population. It lies at the head of Frobisher Bay, on southeastern Baffin Island. It is the fifth largest island in the world and the easternmost member of the Arctic Archipelago. Since it opened in the 1970s the large school building has been used for many events including a visit by Queen Elizabeth in 2002. Baffin Island. Two of Canada's largest national parks are on Baffin Island: Auyuittuq National Park ("the land that never melts") on the island's eastern Cumberland Peninsula and Sirmilik National Park ("place of glaciers") covering the island's northwest, along with nearby islands and bays. The first recorded English explorer to enter Baffin Bay was John Davis, who arrived in 1585. Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada Lat Long Coordinates Info. You must understand the risks of hypothermia and frostbite, the dangers of rock falls and other natural occurrences and the very real possibility of polar bear encounters. Baffin Island sits just above Canada’s great Hudson Bay, off the coast of the mainland of its territory, Nunavut, and also the coast of northern Quebec. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. The main Inuit language used on the Island, Inuktitut (which the below place names are in), as with many dialects even has different accents as you move from the north to the south of the island. One of the most accessible is Sylvia Grinnell Territorial Park, not far from Iqaluit. Baffin island is the largest island in canada and the 5th largest island in the world. Baffin Island also boasts one of the world’s largest Fjords, the Admiralty Inlet, and two of Canada’s largest national parks, Sirmilik and Auyuittuq, both slightly larger than El Salvador or Israel. Since the end of World War II there was much industrial activity in and around Baffin Island – Canadian and foreign military activities included. Iqaluit is the main jumping-off point for those looking to explore the rest of the Island and there are great eateries, shops, and local artistry, as well as other things to see and do in the city, including a trendy brewery called Nu Brew. No roads lead to Nunavut, so the only way to reach Baffin Island is to fly. Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. The name comes from an explorer in 1616, William Baffin. Baffin island is the largest island in canada and the 5th largest island in the world. Another notable destination is Katannilik Territorial Park, cut-through by the Soper River with its scenic cascades and 1,000-foot cliffs that entice whitewater rafters. Around the time of the building of Egypt’s great pyramids, 7,500 kilometres away, early settlers on Baffin Island were discovering and learning how to survive in an environment so harsh that no foreigner has succeeded in colonizing it since. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km² (195,928 sq mi). The island is home to the territory’s capital city, Iqaluit, as well as a smaller hamlet called Pangnirtung and other much smaller communities of local Inuit peoples. Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia it outsizes canadas second biggest island victoria island by an area about the size of italy. "Scientific name for Baffin Island Wolf is Canis lupus manningi". Overview. Area: 507,451sq km (195,928sq mi). Under Armour CC Left Chest Lockup Men's... Iqaluit (capital city) – “place of many fish”, Pangnirtung (hamlet) – “place of the bull caribou”, Auyuittuq (national park) – “the land that never melts”, Katannilik (territorial park) – “place of waterfalls”, Sirmilik (national park) – “place of glaciers”, Qikiqtaaluk (the Inuit name for Baffin Island) – roughly meaning “big island”. Baffin Island is the biggest island in Canada, the 5th largest in the world and is home to the elusive Narwhal, amongst many other animals! From the late 15th century, European explorers and navigators have tried to successfully pass through a northern waterway from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean via the Canadian north and the Arctic famously named the Northwest Passage. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. Baffin Island is in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, located in Arctic Ocean of Northern Canada. Nunavut is Canada’s largest province/territory with a total area of 2,093,190 sq. Baffin Island. The name comes from an explorer in 1616, William Baffin. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km² (195,928 sq mi). Greenland is 822,706 square miles in size, but only has 56,000 residents. Iqaluit, city, capital of Nunavut territory and headquarters of Baffin region, Canada. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Here are some examples of place names on Baffin Island and their translation: Surrounded by deep fjords and glacial valleys in Auyuittuq National Park is the Penny Ice Cap which is a remaining piece of, and as some would believe, the birthplace of the last ice age. Norse explorers reached Baffin Island around the 11th century and their presence is felt in the name of the Island’s highest peak, Odin. Baffin Bay is connected to the Arctic Ocean via Nares Strait and to the Atlantic Ocean via Davis Strait and the Labrador Sea. It is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. About 11,000 people live on Baffin Island and almost all of them live in Iqaluit, the capital city of the … Interesting Baffin Bay Facts: Baffin Bay's region has been inhabited since roughly 500 B.C., by the Dorset settlers. Inuit artisans offer soapstone carvings, jewelry, hand-sewn clothing, art prints and more in souvenir stores and galleries. 21 March, 2020 - 00:56 ashley cowie. Much of the Island is longitudinally more northern than Iceland and makes up part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, a group of 36,563 northern Canadian Islands that almost reach the centre of the Arctic Circle. Come explore Baffin Island and experience the first place that Europeans landed in the New World. Located on the Cumberland Peninsula of Baffin Island, the name of this National Park means “The land that never melts.” This park was established in 1972 with the name of Baffin Island National Park and received its current name in 1976 due to its resemblance to its history. Baffin Island ( Inuit name, Qikiqtaaluk ), French: Île de Baffin) in the territory of Nunavut is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Named for William Baffin (1584?-1622), Baffin Island (now part of Nunavut and next to Baffin Bay) is the fifth-largest island in the world.. With an area of about 476,000 sq. History of Baffin Island Inuit. Size: Covering 195,928 square miles, Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Assistance by expert local guides is almost always essential. It was not until 1943 that the Baffin Island wolf was recognized as a distinct subspecies by zoologist Rudolph Martin Anderson.Its trinomial name Canis lupus manningi was taken from zoologist Thomas Henry Manning, OC who had spent a year and a half mapping the island. Lucky Canadian scientists have discovered new evidence in diamonds of ancient continental formation and drift. Arctic Bay is located in the northwest corner of Baffin Island and is one of the most beautiful places in Nunavut, Canada. As the ice caps on Baffin Island shrink, the landscape beneath is seeing the light of day for the first time in perhaps 120,000 years. Before considering such an epic experience, get a grasp on some of the most important facts about Baffin Island. 20. As far as the actual last ice age, millions of years ago, Baffin Island would have contributed hugely to the Laurentide Ice Sheet that covered likely all of Canada and the northeastern United States however, there is much dispute about the birthplace. Photo courtesy Royal Ontario Museum A prominent Ottawa archaeologist credited in some circles with rewriting the history of Vikings in Canada has accused the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto of “disparaging” her widely publicized research. In the same national park as Odin, you will find the world’s highest vertical cliff of aptly named, Mount Thor. Baffin Island also has a number of territorial parks. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. Dorset settlers were replaced in 1200 AD by Thule people. Baffin Bay (Inuktitut: Saknirutiak Imanga,) is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean. The park also features ancient Thule ruins. In some areas of Baffin Island, like Clyde River, the sun does not set for two months in the summer time, and doesn't rise for two months in the winter. Baffin Island, island lying between Greenland and the Canadian mainland. Located on the Cumberland Peninsula of Baffin Island, the name of this National Park means “The land that never melts.” This park was established in 1972 with the name of Baffin Island National Park and received its current name in 1976 due to its resemblance to its history. Baffin Island, 183,810 sq mi (476,068 sq km), c.1,000 mi (1,610 km) long and from 130 to 450 mi (210–720 km) wide, in the Arctic Ocean, Nunavut Territory, Canada. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the 5th largest island in the world. It is located in the region of 70° N and 75° W. It was named by English colonists after English explorer William Baffin. The body of water to the south is the Hudson Strait, which separates Baffin Island from Quebec. Trips that visit Baffin Island $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ Need help finding the right adventure? It’s Baffin Island that draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. Baffin Island. Expedition cruises that call at Baffin Island might depart from other communities in Northern Canada, or from Greenland. However, the famed passageway was not fully traversed by sea until 1906 when Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (famous for beating Robert Scott to the South Pole) reached the Pacific coast of Alaska. First there were the Dorset and then Thule and Inuit people. It lies at the head of Frobisher Bay, on southeastern Baffin Island. First there were the Dorset and then Thule and Inuit people. Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia it outsizes canadas second biggest island victoria island by an area about the size of italy. Unless you are travelling in the remote corners of Canada, specifically northern Quebec, your two options for flights to Iqaluit are from Canada’s capital, Ottawa, or the neighbouring city of Montreal. Once there, you likely won’t need a rental car as Iqaluit is small enough to walk around, and is not connected to anywhere else via road, and there are taxis available in the city. The snow begins to melt in May, but the sea ice doesn’t break up until the end of July. At 73°N latitude, it is well above the Arctic Circle and ranks among the top ten most northerly communities in the entire world. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. The wildlife in Baffin Island is very impressive. Baffin Island is a rugged place with awe-inspiring, and often record-breaking, sights for those who dare to venture out from the cities. For thousands of years, the local people have survived on fishing and game meats, such as caribou – still popular today, to nourish themselves and stay warm in one of the world’s most extreme climates. Baffin Island. Certainly worth a trip for its scenery and wildlife. Baffin Fisheries Coalition (BFC) is the leading commercial fishing enterprise in Nunavut, Canada specializing in cold water shrimp and arctic turbot. 21 March, 2020 - 00:56 ashley cowie. Snow can fall all year on Baffin Island and the average annual temperature for the island is about -8 degrees Celsius. As the great Icelandic Viking, Leif Erikson (c. 970 – 1020) courageously crossed the unruly northern Atlantic in search of new lands, it was the third land he encountered that they named Helluland, meaning “Stone-slab Land”. 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